College costs can be more than a little painful, but with the proper financial planning, you could be whistling your child’s college fight song all the way to the bank.
Federal and state financial aid for college students may be shrinking but tuition costs continue to rise at 3 percent to 6 percent a year, according to the College Board, a nonprofit representing colleges and universities. Based on the College Board’s Trends in College Pricing 2014 report, college prices have risen faster than the prices of other goods and services for the past 30 years. The average price of attending a private university for four years has reached more than $125,000 based on 2014-2015 rates.
With Americans marrying later in life and waiting to have children, parents may be facing college costs while simultaneously planning for retirement. That makes starting on college savings early even more important to your future as well as your child’s – especially considering median family income for those with bachelor’s degrees or higher was $103,256 in 2013, more than twice the median income for families headed by a high school graduate, according to the College Board report.
Regardless of your child’s age or the number of children you have, you do have options for investing for college costs. Your financial planner can help you evaluate different strategies and select those that best meet your goals for paying for college.
Scholarships, Grants and Aid
Financial aid can include loans, scholarships, grants and work study programs. Even if your student isn’t in the top level of his or her class, opportunities may be available for financial aid. A student can be awarded grants or scholarships based on financial need, academic standing, extra-curricular activities and civic involvement. Make sure to always fill out financial aid papers to qualify, even if you believe your income is too high to receive aid.
These plans, available in most states, allow you to make contributions to an investment account in the name of the child and then make tax-free withdrawals for educational expenses. Plans and investment options vary widely, so you may want to consult your financial planner for more information. States may also have potential state income tax or other benefits to offer and should be considered before investing.
If a 529 doesn’t sound appealing, you can make penalty-free withdrawals from an existing IRA account for any educational costs. However, there are contribution and withdrawal limits, and not everyone can qualify for an IRA. Withdrawals also reduce the assets growing tax-deferred in the IRA and could seriously impact your retirement goals.
If you have grandparents who wish to contribute to an account, you may want to consider a Coverdell Savings Account. These types of accounts allow anyone with a modified adjusted gross income of less than $110,000 a year single or $220,000 joint (married, filing jointly), to make yearly contributions of up to $2,000 in an account that has a variety of investment options. Once the student turns 18, they have until their 30th birthday to withdraw the money for educational use.
Creating “Tax Scholarships”
A tax scholarship is a financial technique that creates money by shifting assets to your child over several years and taking advantage of the child’s lower tax bracket. These tax savings can add up quickly and can mean possibly thousands of dollars in extra money that can be used for higher education expenses. Ask your financial and tax professionals for more information on how to take advantage of shifting assets to children.